The statistics are alarming. It's no wonder that parents are nervous. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), "Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for U.S. teens. Per mile driven, teen drivers ages 16 to 19 are four times more likely than older drivers to crash." Reports by the CDC also conclude that teens are more likely than older drivers to underestimate dangerous or potentially hazardous situations. The National Highway Traffic Safety Association provides yet another shocking analysis, "Among 15 to 20-year-old drivers involved in fatal crashes in 2008, 31 percent of the drivers who were killed in motor vehicle crashes had been drinking." Then there is the latest hazard: texting while driving.
State laws have changed in response to these statistics. There are new graduated driver licensing (GDL) laws in many states that require teens to follow a more strict protocol before a senior license is issued. These laws have a supervised learning period and an intermediate license period before teens can get their full-privilege license. There are also more restrictions for new drivers (such as not being allowed to drive with more than one passenger under 21).
First Time Out
Some parents say that it is best to have a driving expert teach their teens. However, if you feel up to the challenge, you should keep the following in mind.
Your teen needs to get comfortable with the basics. Take him to a parking lot to practice using the accelerator, brake and steering wheel. Then, gradually take him to roads where he will encounter traffic lights, pedestrian walkways, and higher speed limits. Give your teen as many opportunities to drive with you as possible.
David Melton, Director of Transportation Consulting Services at the Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety in Hopkinton, MA, says, "Our expectations of how our kids drive must be very clear. Put expectations in writing and remind your teens of them regularly." Melton encourages parents to be good role models. "Your teens will expect you to exhibit the same safe driving behaviors as you require of them."
Life-long Safety Behind the Wheel
Melton explains, "Just because your teen has obtained his license, doesn't mean he has the experience he needs to cope with the driving situations he'll face. Talk to your teen about driving safety, and do it often. We know from years of research that teens who say they have regular conversations with their parents about driving safety are less likely to exhibit destructive behaviors, like speeding and driving under the influence."
Driving safety should be an ongoing discussion. It's good for everyone to be reminded of safe driving strategies. Defensive driving courses are for experienced drivers, too, and they lower insurance rates.
Some general guidelines:
- Don't force your teen to drive before she is ready
- Practice Makes Perfect - drive as much as possible with your teen
- Talk to your teen about the hazards of "drinking and driving" and "texting and driving"
- All teens should take a Driver's Education Course